This self-study course will provide participants with the tools to identify research, data, and evidence that document the challenges that both the criminal justice system and the judiciary face in maintaining and enhancing the confidence of minority communities.

After completing this self-study course, participants will be able to:

  1. Identify data documenting some of the challenges that the criminal justice system faces in maintaining and enhancing the confidence of minority communities in the American judiciary and its sentencing of people of color;
  2. Define the basic hierarchy of social science, identify when a hypothesis is true, and evaluate credibility;
  3. Identify data suggesting that American sentencing is racially biased, along with legal and ethical considerations, and constraints on judges concluding that this position is supported; and
  4. Describe measures that may counteract structural and implicit bias.
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