2021 Judicial Academy – A Course for Aspiring Judges
The NJC is presenting this 4.5-day program to 40 selected participants who want to be trial judges. The NJC will endeavor to select a diverse participant class (age, race, color, religion, gender, gender identity, sexual orientation, and national or ethnic origin.) to help in the national effort to ensure a diverse judiciary.
The program will answer the following questions for judicial candidates:
How should the candidates prepare themselves and their families for the journey to becoming judges?
What substantive content knowledge do candidates need to master?
How should candidates conduct themselves on social media and in public?
What judicial ethical rules are candidates bound by?
How will those ethics rules impact their behavior and the behavior of their families?
The Academy will emphasize a “learn by doing” dynamic featuring
judges, judicial selection professionals, and other experts who will
help the participating lawyers discover ways to seek judicial positions
and to build strong foundations for serving in the role. The Academy
will also feature a panel of supreme court justices speaking about their
Participant Qualifications and Future Expectations
Judicial candidates should have the essential qualities to be good
judges: integrity; knowledge of the law; intelligence; knowledge of
implicit biases; the ability to apply the law fairly; the capacity to
make timely decisions; the courage to make difficult decisions;
compassion; humility; patience; and the personal skills to preside over a
courtroom with appropriate demeanor and courtesy to all participants.
Judges must be non-political arbiters of the law. Society expects them
to be impartial and, perhaps just as importantly, appear to be
Society also expects judges to serve as leaders in their communities.
The Model Code of Judicial Conduct encourages judges to educate the
public about the administration of justice, ways to improve it, and
about the legal system in general.
Preparation for the Role
During the program, expert faculty and participating attorneys will
engage in discussions about their own judicial philosophies after
examining legal and judicial history, theory and philosophy.
Participants will learn about the types of pressures judges’ face that
differ from their current roles and how those pressures can impact their
families. They will receive a behind-the-scenes look at what judges do
that most trial lawyers are not aware of. They will also discover
resources in all areas of the law that will help them to master their
work (civil, criminal, family, juvenile, and probate).
Judges have to be able to manage themselves and manage juries, cases,
court computer programs, and other intricacies. The program will help
them outline the most common evidentiary objections they’ll face. They
will learn how to handle cases involving dissolution, domestic violence
(protective orders), paternity, name changes, adoptions, children in
need of services, marriages (as officiant), guardianships, and other
The faculty members will help participants manage criminal cases and
motions in limine. The participants will differentiate advocacy writing
from judicial writing and locate resources for improving their writing
and oral delivery of decisions. They will learn how to interact with the
media, the public, attorneys, and their own families appropriately.
Finally, they will learn how to oversee probate cases (involving wills,
trusts, and estates).
After participating in the 4.5-day intensive academy, judicial candidates will be able to:
Outline ways to prepare for, and participate in, judicial selection
processes effectively (for states in which judges are appointed);
Outline ways to run an effective election campaign (for election states);
Define “dark money” and assess how candidates can avoid this and other ethical traps in judicial elections;
Summarize what judges can expect regarding judicial compensation (both salary and benefits);
Describe the political landscape for trial court judges in the United States;
Identify judicial selection trends across the country;
Define how they should conduct themselves on social media and in public as they prepare to enter the judiciary;
Differentiate between the perceptions of the judicial role and reality;
Describe the responsibilities of judges (e.g., interpreting the law,
assessing the evidence presented, controlling hearings and trials,
deciding impartially, mediating and settling disputes, leading court
improvement projects, sentencing criminal defendants, terminating
parental rights, using good temperament);
Identify the emotional issues that judges confront (e.g., sentencing
defendants; terminating parental rights; deciding difficult cases;
being in the public eye during controversial cases; security concerns);
Summarize the impact of the judicial role on their personal and professional lives;
Outline the benefits and drawbacks of taking the bench;
Define their roles in court administration and court committees;
Identify the ethical rules that judges are bound by;
Apply judicial ethics rules to their circumstances (e.g.,
restrictions on investments, fundraising, exclusive memberships,
professional associations, friendships, bar association activity, family
members, gifts, writing recommendation letters, running a campaign,